Gender Identity and Transgender Issues

Topic Overview

Remember: You are not alone

Whatever your gender identity, it's important to realize that there are lots of people like you. Many of them have the same emotions and questions that you have. The pressure and stress caused by feeling alone and sad can lead to depression. Depression can be mild or severe. In its most severe form, depression can lead to suicide. For more information about depression, see Depression or Depression in Children and Teens.

It can be comforting and helpful to talk to people who know what you're going through. You can find these people through local or online groups. If you don't know where to find support, check with:

    • Your health care provider.
    • Your school counsellor or trusted teacher.
    • A therapist or other counsellor.
    • Your parent or caregiver, if you feel comfortable.
    • Websites and online organizations.

Why is it important to understand stress and know how to cope with it?

Stress is a fact of life. Most of us have periods of stress at various times in our lives. But extra stress can have a serious effect on your health, especially if it lasts for a long time.

If your trans identity is known to others, you may be under a lot of extra stress because of discrimination in the community. If your trans identity is not known to others you may feel shame, guilt or other negative emotions when you consider the possibility that you might be trans. Rejection, prejudice, fear, and confusion cause long-term stress in many trans people.

Constant stress can be linked to headaches, an upset stomach, back pain, and trouble sleeping. It can weaken your immune system, so that you have a harder time fighting off disease. If you already have a health problem, stress may make it worse. It can make you moody, tense, or depressed. Depression can lead to suicide. Teens with depression are at particularly high risk for suicide and suicide attempts.

People who are under long-term stress are also more likely to smoke tobacco, drink alcohol heavily, and use other drugs. These habits can lead to serious health problems.

It's important to recognize the effects that stress can have on your life, to learn how to cope with stress, and to know when to get help. For more information, see the topic Stress Management.

How can you support someone who is transgender?

    • Learn all you can about trans issues.
    • Learn to use the right pronouns ("he," "him," "she," "her," "they," "them"). Don't be afraid to ask which pronouns the person prefers.
    • If the person is changing their name, use that new name when you talk to or about the person.
    • Make sure you get support and information. Supporting someone who is trans may be a new experience for you and it might not be easy at first.

For more information, see the topics:


Other Works Consulted

  • American Psychological Association (2008). Answers to Your Questions: For a Better Understanding of Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Available online:
  • APA Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Concerns (2011). Answers to Your Questions About Transgender Individuals and Gender Identity. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Available online:
  • Biggs WS (2011). Medical human sexuality. In RE Rakel, DP Rakel, eds., Textbook of Family Medicine, 8th ed., pp. 1000–1012. Philadelphia: Saunders.
  • Eliason MJ, et al. (2009). LGBTQ Cultures: What Health Care Professionals Need to Know About Sexual and Gender Diversity. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Available online:
  • Hillman JB, Spigarelli MG (2009). Sexuality: Its development and direction. In WB Carey et al., eds., Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, 4th ed., pp. 415–425. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.
  • Sadock VA (2009). Normal human sexuality and sexual and gender identity disorders. In BJ Sadock et al., eds., Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 9th ed., vol. 1, pp. 2027–2060. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
  • Zucker KJ (2011). Gender identity and sexual behavior. In CD Rudolph et al., eds., Rudolph's Pediatrics, 22nd ed., pp. 346–348. New York: McGraw-Hill.


Adaptation Date: 2/20/2019

Adapted By: Osnovyanka

Adaptation Reviewed By: Osnovyanka

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